Diseases & National Health Programme
Which of the following is false regarding kala-azar:
|A||Vector is sand fly|
|B||Man is the only reservoir host|
|C||Causes by Leishmania donovani|
|D||Infants are not susceptible|
Visceral leishmaniasis is caused by L. donovani. It can be transmitted not only by sandflies (Phlebotomus argentipes) but also congenitally and parenterally (e.g. via blood transfusion or sharing of needles). Indian kala azar is considered to be a non zoonotic infection with man as the sole reservoir. Kala azar can occur in all age groups including infants below the age of one year.