Which of the following is not a component of syndrome X?
Syndrome X is commonly known as metabolic syndrome ,
a. Insulin resistance syndrome or reaven’s syndrome are the other names of this syndrome..
b. It refers to a constellation of lipid and non-lipid risk factors that are of metabolic origin and associated with Cardiovascular risk.
c. Criteria for the diagnosis are proposed by National Cholesterol Education programme in 2001. It says Abdominal obesity
i. Fasting glucose >110 but <126 mg/dl.
ii. Blood pressure >130/85
iv. HDL in plasma <50mg/dl
When 3 or more of these are present, it is termed as syndrome X.
d. WHO has established slightly different criterias for the same.
e. Microalbuminuria is considered in WHO criteria.
f. In WHO criteria BP limits are 140/90.
g. Those with syndrome X have on elevated risk of developing coronary artery disease & diabetes mellitus.
h. It is mainly associated with the Type II DM.
i. It is common in Asian Indians in Britain and in Africa.
j. Insulin resistance is common to all above risk factors mentioned.
k. Studies have shown that insulin resistance plays an etiological role in this syndrome.