Which of the following is the most common renal cystic disease in infants is? (AIIMS May 2013)
|B||Simple renal cyst|
|C||Unilateral renal dysplasia|
Unilateral renal dysplasia
The multicystic dysplastic kidney is the commonest form of congenital cystic renal dysplasia, and is due to complete uretric obstruction in fetal life. The condition is usually unilateral; bilateral disease is lethal.
Multicystic dysplastic kidney
a. Multicystic dysplastic kidney is a congenital condition in which the entire kidney is dysplastic with a preponderance of cysts.
b. Kidney is replaced by multiple cysts of varying sizes that do not communicate and no identifiable parenchyma is present.
c. Contralaterul vesicouretral reflux is present inl5o/o cases.
d. Contralateral hydronephrosis is present in 5 - 10oZ cases.
e. It is the most common cause of an abdominal mass in neonate. – Nelson