Which type of cerebral palsy is commonly associated with scoliosis and other orthopedic problems – (LQ)
|B||Anterior cerebral palsy|
|D||Atonic cerebral palsy|
"Scoliosis is common, occuring in 15 to 25 percent of the total body CP (spastic quadriplegia CP)". - Tachdjian
Cerebral palsy (CP)
o Cerebral palsy is defined as a non-progressive neuromotor disorder of cerebral origin.
o It has following features -
i) Static (nonprogressive)
i) Disorder of movement/motor disorder (but sometimes sensory involvement may occur)
iii) Cerebral in origin
o CP is due to an insult of developing brain.
o The insult results in maldevelopment and disorderly anatomic organization of the brain.
o The insult may be prenatal (most of the cases), during delivery or in the postnatal period.
o CP may be classified into following types -
1) Spastic cerebral palsy 2) Hypotonic (Atonic) CP
This is the most common type 3) Extrapyramidal CP
This includes 4) Mixed type CP
i) Spastic quadriparesis
ii) Spastic diplesia
iii) Spastic hemiplegia