Polarization is a property of transverse waves.
Types of Polarization
- Perpendicular polarization
- Parallel Polarization
There are three types of wave polarization
- Linear Polarisation : In this type of wave polarization E is in a fixed straight orientation for all times and positions.
- Elliptical polarisation. The electric wave progressing in positive z direction may contain x component and y component both and in such general situation the wave is called elliptically polarised.
- Circular Polarisation. It is a special case of elliptical polarisation