Analyses of long-term data show that there has been significant reduction in poverty in all major states of India during 1990-2010. The depth and intensity of poverty have fallen at a faster rate than the head count ratio. In recent years, poverty seems to be getting concentrated in Eastern and Central parts of India and among the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Caste population………………… Mean consumption expenditure show significant rise in rural and urban areas of all major states except rural Assam. Inequality too has fallen in rural areas of most states, though urban inequality in most states has not changed significantly. The urban-rural disparity in mean consumption has accentuated since early 1990s. Incidence of under nutrition and malnutrition in India is higher than incidence of income poverty. Micronutrient deficiency of one form or another seems to be common among a large section of the population. India lags behind in terms of human development indicators such as achievements in education and health fields in international comparison even poverty reduction figures are not encouraging.