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Conjunction is a word which is used to join two or more words, phrases, clauses or sentences. For example,

  • Jolly and Mohan are playing.
  • I came to meet you but you were absent.

Types Of Conjunctions

There are four types of conjunctions—Correlative, compound, co-ordinating, and subordinating.

Correlative Conjunctions

They are used in pairs. For example,

  • either—or, neither—nor
  • not only—but also, etc.

Compound Conjunctions

They are used as a phrase (in the compound form). For example, as if, as well as, in order that, provided that, etc.

Co-ordinating Conjunctions

They join the clauses or sentences of equal rank. For exampleand, also, either-or, etc.

They are further divided into four types:

  1. Cumulative Conjunctions: It simply adds two statements. For example, Ram goes there, and Mohan comes back.
  2. Contrast Conjunctions: It joins the adverse statements. For example, I was angry, still I did not speak.
  3. Alternative Conjunctions: It shows the alternatives and choice. For example,
  • You must work hard, or you will fail.
  • Walk fast, else you will get late.
  1. Illative: It shows an inference. For example, You must have done it, for you alone are there in room.

Subordinating Conjunctions

It joins two clauses of unequal rank. For example, As it was not available, I purchased something else.

In such sentences, there are two clauses one of which is dependent on the other.

It is further divided as follows:

  1. Time: They are based on time. For example, I finished my work after they had gone.
  2. Cause: They are based on cause or reason. For example, He may come, as he has the pass.
  3. Purpose: They are based on purpose. For example, We moved fast so that we could reach timely.
  4. Result: They are based on results. For example, He was so excited that he could scarcely control himself.
  5. Condition: They are based on condition. For example, He will come if Hari goes.
  6. Comparison: They are based on comparison. For example, He is more intelligent than Raghav.


  1. ‘Either’ is followed by ‘or’ and ‘not either’ is followed by ‘or’ as well. For example,
  • Mohan is either good or wise.
  • Radha is not either intelligent or studious.
  1. ‘If’ is used in the following way:
    For example,
    If he comesI will go.
    Ist Part         IInd Part
    In such sentence structure (conditional sentence), first part is present indefinite and second part is mostly future indefinite.
  2. ‘Since’ is mostly used to indicate the point of time and ‘for’ is mostly used to indicate span of time.
  3. ‘Or’ is used as an alternative. For example, You have to choose this dictionary or that one.
  4. In case of conditional sentences, the following conjunctions are used:
    1. If
    2. Unless
    3. Supposing
    4. Provided/Provided that
  5. Following conjunctions are mostly used to show the unexpected (opposite) situation:
    1. Though
    2. Although
    3. Notwithstanding
    4. Nevertheless
    5. Yet
  6. Following conjunctions are used to show the alternatives:
    1. Either ... or
    2. Neither ... nor
    3. Otherwise
    4. Or else
  7. Or rather is used to specify the statement. For example, Last night I read my friend’s book or rather my friend’s father’s book.

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