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In a sentence, a word which describes something about noun or subject is called as verb. It is very important for sentence formation.

Types Of Verb

There are many types of verb on the various grounds.

Main Verb

It clarifies the meaning in a sentence. For example,

  • Mohan studies.
  • Joha is coming.

It is divided into two types—Transitive and Intransitive verb.

Transitive Verb

When a verb transits (passes) from subject (does) to some object, it is transitive verb. For example,















Intransitive Verb

When a verb does not transit (pass) from subject (does) to some object, it is Intransitive verb. For example,

  • The girl laughs.
  • Mrs. Shakuntala dies.
  • Mr Bean smiled.

Various Forms of Verb

Every verb has four forms—Present, Past, Past Participle and Present Participle, followed by its ‘ing’ form.

Ist form—Present Tense—Go

IInd form—Past Tense—Went

IIIrd form—Past Participle—Gone

IVth form—Present Participle—Going


Auxiliary Verb

It simply helps the main verb to explain the meaning. For example,

  • Ram will go.
  • Shyam has done the work.
  • He is coming inside the room.

It is divided into following three parts:

  1. Primary Auxiliary verbs—It includes:
    1. to be, e.g., is, am, are, was, were, been, being
    2. to have, e.g., has, have, had, having
    3. to do, e.g., do, does, did
  2. Modals—It includes can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must and ought to.
  3. Specific Auxiliary verbs—It includes used to, dare and need.

Regular Verb

It is a verb which forms its past tense and past participate by adding _ed.

Irregular Verb

It is a verb which forms its past tense and past participate not by adding _ed.

Inchoative Verb

When the change of condition of a noun takes place, such change is denoted by inchoative verb. For example, Become, get, grow.

Causative Verb

Causative verb is used in a sentence where a subject does not perform an act, but it causes someone else or something else to perform the act. For example,

  • Shahjahan got the Taj Mahal built.
  • She made me mait.
  • I had my hair cut.

The following verbs may be used as get, make, have, keep, let, help.

Linking Verb

When the auxiliary verb is used as the main verb in a sentence, it is called as the linking verb. For example,

  • I have a dictionary with me.
  • You are an intelligent boy.
  • Me is a doctor.
  • She was confused. (confused is not a verb here)


  1. When an intransitive verb comes with preposition, it becomes transitive verb. For example,
  • We are talking about a doctor.
  • Kindly look into this matter.
  1. Modal Auxiliary verb comes with first form of the verb.
  2. There are certain main verbs which have homonymous past participates with different meaning. For example,
  • Drunk and Drunken.
  • Found and Founded.
  1. Have, has or had is used to express the possession on ownership; relations, etc. For example,
  • I have a house.
  • I have a PAN card.
  • I have two sons.
  • A dog has four legs.
  1. If me show the compulsion to do a work, me use have/had/had as follows. For example,
  • I have to purchase a car.
  • You have to go.
  • We had to pay the money.
  1. Sometimes has/have/had is used as auxiliary verb and had is used as main verb in the same sentence. For example,
  • The patient has had the medicines.
  1. If me use ought to or used to, verb (I form) comes in such sentence. For example,
  •   We used to play cricket.
  •   We ought to help the poor.
  1. Dare or need to used as the main verb. For example,
  • I need to go there.
  • He dared not to speak this in the party.
  1. When may or might is used to show the possibility in a sentence, might is used for less possibility and may is used for more possibility. For example,
  • He might come to me.
  • He may come to me.

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