Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Cyclic and Non-Cyclic Processes

A cyclic process consists of a series of changes which return the system back to its initial state. In a non-cyclic process, the series of changes involved do not return the system back to its initial state.
  • In case of cyclic process, as Uf = Ui,
    ∴ ΔU = Uf – Ui = 0
    i.e., change in internal energy for cyclic process is zero and also ΔU ∝ ΔT.
    ∴ ΔT = 0
    i.e., temperature of system remains constant.
  • From first law of thermodynamics,
    ΔQ = ΔU + ΔW
    ΔQ = ΔW, i.e., heat supplied is equal to the work done by the system. [as ΔU = 0]
  • For cyclic process, P–V graph is a closed curve and area enclosed by the closed path represents the work done (Fig. 14).
    Fig. 14
    If the cycle is clockwise work done is positive and if the cycle is anticlockwise work done is negative.
  • Work done in non-cyclic process depends upon the path chosen or the series of changes involved and can be calculated by the area covered between the curve and volume axis on PV diagram (Fig. 15).
    Fig. 15

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name