Certain antibiotics work by inhibiting protein synthesis. However, proteins made before exposure to these drugs will continue to function until degraded by the cell. Which of the following would probably be true after adding these antibiotics to a culture of bacteria?
|A||DNA replication would not continue.|
|B||Severely damaged flagella could not be repaired.|
|C||New pili could be added to the bacteria.|
|D||Damage to the glycocalyx would kill the bacterial cell.|
DNA replication (response A) would probably continue to occur by utilizing preexisting enzymes. Damage to the glycocalxy (response D) would not necessarily mean the cell would die. However, production of new pili or repair of flagella (B and C) would almost certainly require protein synthesis and therefore could not occur in the presence of this type of antibiotic.