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Democracy at Global Level

Though there is no single world government, there are many institutions which partially perform the functions of a world government. The UN has a single vote for each of its member states. Even though it appears to be democratic, the General Assembly has limited powers. Real power rests with the permanent members of the Security Council. Same is in the case with IMF and IBRD. World bodies such as UN are less democratic. Infact, when there were two powerful nations such as the USA and the USSR, these bodies were more democratic.


Outcomes of Democracy

  1. Accountable, responsive and legitimate government—Open public debate on major policies and legislations and citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning. The actual performance of democracies has shown a mixed record on this.
  2. Democracies must achieve economic growth and development—More than economic development, we expect democracies to reduce economic disparities.
  3. The democratic governments must reduce income inequality and poverty.
  4. Democracy should produce a harmonious social life.
  5. Democracy should promote dignity and freedom of individual
  6. Democratic governments should be transparent and free from corruption.

Challenges to Democracy

  1. The foundational challenge
Democratic governments are not established throughout the world. In some parts of the world, there are non-democratic governments. Here the challenge is to bring democracy. This is foundational challenge.
  1. The challenge of expansion
In most of the established democracies, there is a challenge of expansion, i.e., applying principles of democracy across different regions and sections.
  1. The challenge of deepening
This involves strengthening of democratic institutions and practices.


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