The use of improved varieties of crops, better agricultural methods and improved irrigation facilities led to the Green Revolution in India. It has increased productivity but caused undesirable ecological imbalance, such as changing soil chemistry and polluting water bodies.
Prof. M.S. Swaminathan is considered the architect of the Green Revolution in India. Swaminathan initiated collaboration with Dr.
Norman E. Borlaug, which culminated into the Green Revolution through introduction of Mexican varieties of wheat in India.