Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Introduction to State Executive

India is a federal state where the power and authority are divided between the centre and the state government by the Constitution. The Governor is the executive head of the state.


Article 153 of the Constitution states that ‘there shall be a Governor for states of the Union of India’. The Governor is appointed by the President on recommendation of the Council of Ministers. The Governor stays in office as long as he enjoys confidence and pleasure of the President. He may quit office by addressing his resignation to the President.


Powers and Functions of Governor

  1. Legislative powers
    • To summon the session, to prorogue the session or dissolve legislature.
    • The Governor addresses the ‘first session’ after the general election. That is called ‘Governor’s speech’.
    • The Governor may call a joint sitting of both the Houses.
    • He has the power to nominate one person to the Assembly.
    • No bills can become a law without the assent of the Governor. He enjoys the power to withhold a bill. This is called ‘veto power’.
  2. Executive powers
    • He is the executive head of the state. He appoints Chief Ministers and Council of Ministers.
    • The members of the State Public Service Commission, the Vice Chancellors for all the universities are appointed by the Governor.
  3. Financial powers
    • Financial bills and budget cannot be presented in the State Legislature without the consent of the Governor.
    • The members of Finance Commission and Planning Commission are appointed by the Governor.
    • The state emergency fund is in his name.
  4. Judicial powers
    • The Governor enjoys the power of pardoning the sentence of a person.
    • The judges of the High Court are appointed by the President in consultation with the Governor and the Chief Justice.
    • The Governor is entitled to legal advice on matters relating to the constitutional clarity of bills.
  5. Emergency powers
    • Under Article 356, the President can dismiss the cabinet or dissolve the Legislative Assembly on the Governor’s recommendation.

Chief Minister


The Chief Minister is the head of the Government.


Powers and Functions of Chief Minister

  1. The formation of ministry
  2. Allocation of port folios
  3. The cabinet meeting is held under the Chairmanship of the Chief Minister
  4. Acts as a link between the Governor and State Legislature
  5. As head of the Cabinet, he can summon or postpone its meetings
  6. Acts as an advisor to the Governor with regard to nominations to many posts

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name