Spread of Print Culture in EuropeThe Chinese paper reached Europe through silk route. Marco Polo, an explorer returned to Italy from China with the knowledge of woodblock printing. The Italians began producing books with woodblocks and soon this technology spread throughout Europe.
With the growing demand for books, woodblock printing became very popular. This led to the need for quicker and cheaper reproduction of texts. A breakthrough occurred at Strasbourg, Germany; Johan Gutenberg developed the first known printing press in 1430s. He first printed the Bible.
The printing presses were set up in most countries of Europe. Printers from Germany travelled to other countries, seeking work. With the increase in printing press, the production of books also increased. This shift from hand printing to mechanical printing led to the Print Revolution.