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  1. To compare two fractions, cross-multiply. The larger product will be on the same side as the larger fraction.
  2. Taking the square root of a fraction between 0 and 1 makes it larger.
  3. Caution: This is not true for fractions greater than 1.
    For example, .  But . 
  4. Squaring a fraction between 0 and 1 makes it smaller. 
  5. . In fact, .
  6. . In fact,  and .
  7. –(a + b) ≠ –a + b.  In fact, –(a + b) = –ab.
  8. Systems of simultaneous equations can most often be solved by merely adding or subtracting the equations.
  9. When counting elements that are in overlapping sets, the total number will equal the number in one group plus the number in the other group minus the number common to both groups.
  10. The number of integers between two integers inclusive is one more than their difference. 
  11. Elimination strategies:
    1. On hard problems, if you are asked to find the least (or greatest) number, then eliminate the least (or greatest) answer-choice.
    2. On hard problems, eliminate the answer-choice “not enough information.”
    3. On hard problems, eliminate answer-choices that merely repeat numbers from the problem.
    4. On hard problems, eliminate answer-choices that can be derived from elemen­tary operations.
    5. After you have eliminated as many answer-choices as you can, choose from the more complicated or more unusual answer-choices remaining.
  12. To solve a fractional equation, multiply both sides by the LCD (lowest common denominator) to clear fractions.
  13. You can cancel only over multiplication, not over addition or subtraction.
    For example, the c’s in the expression  cannot be canceled. 
  14. The average of N numbers is their sum divided by N, that is, . 
  15. Weighted average: The average between two sets of numbers is closer to the set with more numbers. 
  16. Average Speed 
  17. Distance = Rate x Time
  18. Work = Rate x Time, or W = R x T. The amount of work done is usually 1 unit.
    Hence, the formula becomes 1 = R x T.
    Solving this for R gives . 
  19. Interest = Amount x Time x Rate

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