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  1. Corporates, NBFCs and public sector entities can set up banks. Broking and real estate companies can also apply.
  2. Promoters need to be financially sound with track record of 10 years.
  3. Positive feedback from other regulators and investigative agencies critical.


  1. Promoters must set up banks through wholly-owned non-operative financial holding companies.
  2. Holding company and bank not permitted to lend or invest in any entity belonging to the promoter group.
  3. Shares of holding companies cannot be transferred to entities outside the promoter group.


  1. Holding company to hold 40% stake in bank for 5 years.
  2. Holding company to reduce stake in the bank to 20% in 10 years, 15% in 12 years.
  3. Foreign shareholding capped at 49% for 5 years.

Capital Requirements

  1. Minimum paid-up capital of the bank must be Rs 500 crore.
  2. The bank needs to maintain capital adequacy ratio at 13% for initial 3 years.
  3. The bank must get listed within 3 years.

Other conditions

  1. At least 25% of new branches must be in unbanked rural centres.
  2. At least 50% of the directors of holding company must be independent directors.
  3. The bank's board must have a majority of independent directors.

Application process

  1. Applications for banking licences need to be submitted by July 1, 2013.
  2. RBI to issue in-principle approval after considering recommendations from a high level advisory committee.
  3. The in-principle approval will be valid for 1 year.
Financial Inclusion in India
The Reserve Bank of India set up the Khan Commission in 2004 to look into financial inclusion and the recommendations of the commission were incorporated into the mid-term review of the policy (2005–06). In the report RBI exhorted the banks with a view of achieving greater financial inclusion to make available a basic "no-frills" banking account. In India, Financial Inclusion first featured in 2005, when it was introduced by K C Chakraborthy, former chairman of Indian Bank. Mangalam Village became the first village in India where all households were provided banking facilities. Norms were relaxed for people intending to open accounts with annual deposits of less than Rs. 50,000. General Credit Cards (GCC) were issued to the poor and the disadvantaged with a view to help them access easy credit. In January 2006, the Reserve Bank permitted commercial banks to make use of the services of non-governmental organizations (NGOs/SHGs), micro-finance institutions and other civil society organizations as intermediaries for providing financial and banking services. These intermediaries could be used as business facilitators (BF) or business correspondents (BC) by commercial banks. The bank asked the commercial banks in different regions to start a 100% financial inclusion campaign on a pilot basis. As a result of the campaign states or U.T.s like Pondicherry, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala announced 100% financial inclusion in all their districts. Reserve Bank of India’s vision for 2020 is to open nearly 600 million new customers' accounts and service them through a variety of channels by leveraging on IT. However, illiteracy and the low income savings and lack of bank branches in rural areas continue to be a road block to financial inclusion in many states and there is inadequate legal and financial structure.
Financial Inclusion in India is often closely connected to the aggressive microcredit policies that were introduced without the appropriate regulations over-site or consumer education policies. The result was consumers becoming quickly over indebted to the point of committing suicide and the lending institutions seeing repayment rates collapse, threatening the existence of the entire 4 billion a year Indian microcredit industry. This crisis has often been compared to the mortgage lending crisis in the US.
The challenge for those working in the financial inclusion field has been to separate micro-credit as only one aspect of the larger financial inclusion efforts, and use the Indian crisis as an example of the importance of having the appropriate regulatory and educational policy framework in place.

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