Non Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs)
Non-bank financial companies (NBFCs) are financial institutions that provide banking services without meeting the legal definition of a bank, i.e. one that does not hold a banking license. These institutions are not allowed to take deposits from the public. Nonetheless, all operations of these institutions are still exercised under bank regulation.
In India a Non Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 engaged in the business of loans and advances, acquisition of shares, stock, bondsire-purchase, insurance business, or chit business: but does not include any institution whose principal business is that includes agriculture or industrial activity; or the sale, purchase or construction of immovable property.
Difference between NBFCs & Banks
NBFCs perform functions similar to that of banks; however there are a few differences in that an NBFC cannot accept demand deposits; an NBFC is not a part of the payment and settlement system and as such, an NBFC cannot issue cheques drawn on itself; and deposit insurance facility of the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation is not available for NBFC depositors, unlike banks.