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Error Clues

Error clues are the words or phrases that hint at the possible errors being tested. Some clues are quite easily associated with certain types are errors and these are conspicuous clues. Some other error clues are subtle and difficult to identify. We call them subtle clues and can use them quite frequently in the third step of the above strategies.

Conspicuous Error Clues

Some clues given in G-matic sentences are quite direct and these appear in easy question types. Just by looking at these cues, test takers can generally identify the type of error tested.

The table of conspicuous error clues

Serial number

Error cues


Error likely to be tested

The technique of correction

Ref: Chapter 3; Parts of Speech – Word Groups; Run-on sentences or Error of Comma Splice


Word order differences in different options

a. With adverbials such as only, just etc.,

b. With prepositional phrases

c. With relative clauses

d. With appositives

Misplaced modifiers

  • Identify whether the modifiers are correctly placed or not
  • Eliminate all options with misplaced modifier

Ref: chapter 4; Word Order – G-matic implications


Subject and verb separated by long intervening phrases

Illogical predication







Subject – verb disagreement

  • Verify if the subject and predicate match with each other.
  • If they do not match, there is problem of illogical predication.
  • Eliminate all options with illogical predication
  • Ignore the additional infomation given between the subject and verb.
  • See if the verb agrees with the subject or not.
  • Eliminate the options with agreement problem

Ref: Chapter 5; Basic sentence parts and Illogical predication; Illogical Predication

Ref: Chapter 10; Verbs and G-matic Implications; Subject – verb Agreement


A series of two or more infinitives, ing forms, and noun phrases

Parallelism with lists

  • Identify if the members of the list are similar in form.
  • Eliminate all the options that do not follow this parallelism principle.

Ref: Chapter 6: Nouns and G-matic Perspectives; G-matic Implications

Ref: Chapter 12: Parallelism – G-matic Perspectives; Parallelism with Lists

Ref: chapter 8, G-matic errors of faulty comparison




Different pronouns used in different options

Than, as… as

Pronoun – antecedent agreement

Faulty comparison




Absence of parallelism in comparison

  • Verify if the pronoun agrees with its antecedent.
  • Eliminate the options with agreement error.
  • Identify what is compared to what
  • see that correct elements are compared
  • see if other is wrongly used/ omitted.
  • Eliminate accordingly
  • see whether the compared elements are parallel
  • Eliminate the options accordingly.

Ref: chapter 7; Pronouns – G-matic Perspectives; G-matic errors; cases of pronoun misuse


Pronouns in some options and relevant nouns in other options

Ambiguous reference of pronouns

  • See if the pronoun reference is ambiguous
  • If yes, eliminate the options with pronouns

Ref: Chapter 7; Pronouns – G-matic Perspectives; Pronouns – G-matic Implications


Like, unlike, similar to, in contrast to

Faulty comparison

  • Identify what is compared to what
  • Eliminate the options that present this faulty comparison.

Ref: chapter 8, G-matic errors of faulty comparison


Such as in some options and like in other options

Wrong use of preposition

  • Such as is correct with examples and like is correct with comparison.
  • Decide what the sentence needs and eliminate other options.

Ref: chapter 8, G-matic errors of faulty comparison


Ing/ed/noun/adjective/prepositional phrase before the subject of the sentence

Dangling modifier error

  • verify if these modify the subject
  • Eliminate the options that have subjects not modified by the modifier phrase.

Ref: chapter 9; Phrasal Modification – Dangling modifier Errors; The Concepts and Correction


Different tenses in different options

Incorrect use of tense

  • Verify if any tense is used incorrectly
  • Eliminate the options that use wrong tenses

Ref: Chapter 10; Verbs – G-matic implications; Tenses – The G-matic Implications


Different tenses in different options

Tense coherence

  • Verify if all tenses are used logically together
  • Eliminate options that do not satisfy this.

Ref: Chapter 10; Verbs – G-matic implications; Coherence of Tenses


Different options with singular or plural verbs

Subject-verb agreement

  • Identify whether the subject is singular or plural.
  • eliminate options with incorrect verb forms

Ref: Chapter 10; Verbs – G-matic Implications; Subject – Verb Agreement


So… that v/s so that; whether v/s if


Incorrect use of conjunctions

  • identify which conjunction is correct in the context
  • eliminate all options with incorrect conjunctions

Ref: Chapter 11; Conjunctions and G-matic Perspectives; G-matically Problematic conjunctions


Not…only, but … also, either … or, neither … nor, or, and

Parallel structure

  • See if the elements combined by these conjunctions are parallel or not.
  • Eliminate all options with elements that are not parallel.

Ref: Chapter 12; Parallel Structure – G-matic Implications; Parallelism with Coordinating Conjunctions


Different options with different forms of the same word

Faulty parallelism

  • Try to imagine the two sentences which constitute the sentence
  • Identify which option presents logical sentences.
  • Eliminate options that result in illogical sense.

Ref: Chapter 12; Parallel Structure – G-matic implications; Faulty Parallelism


Clause v/s phrase

Some options are with clauses and other options with a phrase expressing the same idea present in the clause



  • Identify whether the sentence needs a clausecompulsorily.
  • Or else, the clause is wordy
  • Eliminate the wordy options

Ref: Chapter 13; Style and G-matic Implications; Wordiness v/s Concision


A particular word/phrase is present in some options and absent in others


  • Match the word with related word/phrase and decide whether there is redundancy.
  • Eliminate accordingly

Ref: Chapter 13; Style and G-matic implications; Redundancy

Subtle Error Clues

Some error clues are quite subtle and test takers are likely to miss them. The following is a list of such error clues. Study them carefully, and if in doubt, go to the relevant chapter and read the basic infomation carefully. This is quite crucial when you aspire top scores in the test.


Serial number

Error clues/cues

error likely to be tested


The technique of correction


Verb and verb v/s verb, participle

Participle use

  • Identify whether both actions are independent, intentional actions or whether the second action is the natural result of the first action.
  • Both actions are independent and intentional –verb and verb is correct
  • Second action the natural result of the first action verb + participle is correct.
  • Eliminate options accordingly.

Ref: Chapter 2: The G-matic Language and The G-matic sentence; The Philosophy of G-matic sentences


Odd word order in some of the options

illogical violation v/s logical violation of word order

  • See if the usual word order misplaces other words or gives illogical sense.
  • If it does so, it odd word order is correct. If it does not, usual word order is correct.
  • Eliminate the options accordingly

Ref: Chapter 4; Word Order – G-matic perspectives; G-matic Violation of Word Order; word order situations that look incorrect


Use of relative pronouns that, which, whom, etc.

Misplaced relative clause





Illogical predication

  • See if the relative clause is kept after correct antecedent.
  • If it is not, eliminate all options with misplacement.
  • Mentally ignore all of the sentence except the relative clause
  • Substitute the noun phrase before the relative pronoun in the place of relative pronoun
  • See if the sentence formed thus is logical
  • If logical, the sentence is with logical predication
  • If not, he sentence is with illogical predication.
  • Eliminate options with illogical predication

Ref: for misplaced relative clause – Chapter 4; Word order – G-matic perspectives


Ref: for illogical predication – Chapter 7; Pronouns – G-matic perspectives; Relative Pronouns and G-matic implications


A predicate after coordinate conjunctions, such as and, but

Illogical predication

  • See if the subject is matched correctly with the predicates.
  • If the predicate does not match with the subject, then the option is with illogical predication
  • Eliminate all options with this error

Ref: Chapter 5; Subject – Predicate and Illogical predication; Illogical Predication


Presence of that in some options and its absence in other options

Mandatory v/s optional use of conjunction that

  • Identify if the absence of that creates confusion.
  • If confusion is resulted, that is obligatory. Eliminate all options without that.
  • Or else, its absence is not a mistake. Eliminate accordingly.

Ref: Chapter 6; Nouns – G-matic Perspectives; Nouns – G-matic Implications


Singular nouns in some options and plural nouns in others

Noun consistency

Identify the related noun outside the underlined part and match the number.


If the whole sentence is underlined, eliminate the options with illogically different numbers.

Ref: Chapter 6; Nouns – G-matic perspectives; Nouns – G-matic Implications


Relative clause with singular verb in some options and plural verb in some other options

Illogical predication

  • Identify singular and plural nouns before the relative clause
  • Substitute both of them in the place of relative pronoun
  • Identify whether singular or plural verb creates logical sentence
  • Eliminate accordingly.

Ref: Chapter 7; Pronouns and G-matic Implications; Relative Pronouns – subject – verb implications


Adjective v/s adverb (ex:clever v/s cleverly)

Incorrect use of adjectives and adverbs

  • If the modifier describes a noun, adjective is correct.
  • If the modifier describes the action, adverb is correct
  • Decide and eliminate accordingly.

Ref: Chapter 8; Modifiers and Comparison – G-matic Perspectives; Adjectives v/s Adverbs


Constructions such as… as is/were, than did…

Ambiguous comparison

  • If there is ambiguity in comparison, use of helping verb is correct,
  • Or else, the helping verb is redundant.
  • Eliminate accordingly

Ref: chapter 8; Modifiers and Comparison – G-matic perspectives; Ambiguous Comparison


ing phrase in some options and ed phrase in other options

Wrong use of participle

  • See whether the noun described is receiving the action or doing action.
  • If it receives the action, ed phrase is correct
  • If it is doing the action, ing phrase is correct.
  • Eliminate accordingly

Ref: Chapter 8; Modifier and comparison – G-matic perspectives; Derived adjectives – Words that function as adjectives


Passive voice v/s active voice


Some options are with active voice and others are with passive

illogical use of passive voice

  • See if using passive shift the subject illogically
  • See if using passive results in incomplete sense
  • Eliminate accordingly


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