Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions.
Socrates taught that ‘the man who is master of himself is truly free.’ By being master of oneself, he meant, first knowing oneself, one’s faults, weaknesses and one’s good points without making any pretence and then being able to control oneself. This knowledge of himself is what helps a man to be courageous and the courageous man has a very important sort of freedom from fear. Socrates himself, because he was not afraid of the consequences, always felt free to teach what he thought was right. No wonder, all his pupils loved him very much. But he made some dangerous enemies by his strange ways of teaching and asking questions. Some of the rulers in Athens did not like people to be encouraged to ask questions, because they thought that people would begin to ask questions about what their rulers were doing. Therefore, they accused Socrates of teaching young men wicked things and leading them to throw off their religion. Finally, the great teacher Socrates was given death sentence. He was compelled to drink hemlock and pass away. However, his maxim ‘know thyself’ still offers us the light of knowledge of ourselves.
Hemlock is :