Read each of the following passages and answer the items that follow. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
A virtual storm has been sweeping almost all walks of life in the developed countries. The originator of the storm—the robots are coming in a big way. Robots are made in all sorts of shapes and sizes: not typically of human shape and these are now being used in some industries. The automobile industry remains a major user of robots not only for hazardous or arduous work like painting and welding but even for screening light bulbs into instrument panels. The metal industries are heavy users of robots. The impact of the robot revolution may welcome in the service industries where employment is growing fast or in the industries which involve professional hazards to workers.
A Japanese firm had developed a robot to dispose of radio active wastes at nuclear power plants. The computer-controlled robot would soon be put to work cleaning the reactor and replacing spent fuel rods. The hazardous job usually employs 30 workers for two working days. The robot will be able to perform the same task in one day.
The Weseda University of Tokyo has invented the world’s first robot musician, which is capable of playing the electronic organ with its five fingers as skillfully as many other gifted musician.
Robots are also used in human care for the handicapped. A one armed robot responds to commands to prepare meals and perform other household activities for crippled people. Mountain View,
California, has introduced perhaps the smallest ‘micro robot’ which is capable of stuffing leaflets into containers, a task so far executed only by people.
Today, Japan has more sophisticated robots than any other country in the world. They can perform precision work but their performance is not limited to a single type of work. They are designed to perform a virtually unlimited variety of tasks.
The major use of robots now is in