General Studies I
With regard to the transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which one of the following statements is not correct?
|A||The chances of transmission from female to male are twice as likely as from male to female|
|B||The chances of transmission are more if a person suffers from other sexually transmitted infections|
|C||An infected mother can transmit the infection to her baby during pregnancy, at childbirth and by breast feeding|
|D||The risk of contracting infections from transfusion of infected blood is much higher than an exposure to contaminated needle|
H eterosexual HIV transmission more likely with sexually transmitted infections.
Perinatal transmission of HIV refers to transmission during pregnancy or during labor and delivery. Most babies born to HIV-positive mothers do not get HIV. But some do. A baby can get HiV from its mother: Breast-feeding can increase the risk of HIV. The longer a child is breastfed by an HIV-positive mother the higher the risk of HIV infection.
HIV infection through blood transfusion has higher probability than by infected needle. On a needle the virus stays fresh till the blood is moist and it has to be injected immediately on a person. But in the hot climates the virus cannot survive outside for long.