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The Latin genus became genre in French. It was used in the general sense of ‘genus, kind’ initially but now, is used exclusively to mean the kind of artistic or literary work. A few of the literary genres are fables, romance, mystery, science fiction, historical fiction, tragedy, horror, fantasy, etc.


The most selling book in the world is The Bible. Book of Genesis is the first book of The Bible, and it tells the story of how God created the world. The famous story of Adam and Eve comes from this book.


A little sprout or a bud that develops in a plant or a cell is called a ‘germ’ (from L. germen). The process of sprouting of a seed is called germination. Imagine a project which has just started. It is analogous to a seed which has just sprouted. So, we say that the project is in a germinal stage. The adjective ‘germane’ literally means ‘having the same parents’, and hence means ‘related.’ If your friends are discussing some topic and you say something that is not germane to the issue, they will just wave off your words in irritation and say, “Yaar, does he ever say anything


The root gen- became cyn in Old English, and engendered the words kin, kindred, king and kind (both in the sense of ‘genus’ and ‘gentle.’)


Generic: (adj) general, having no special characteristics.

Origin: L genus, class, race.


Genre: (n) a distinct category of art work, whether in music, painting or literature.


Bible: simply means ‘the book.’

Origin: Gk. Biblion, book.

So, when you write down all the books that you consulted for your research, that list is called a bibliography (Gk graphein means ‘to write’).

A book lover is called a bibliophile (Gk philos, loving).


Genesis: (n) origin, creation.

  • The genesis of new knowledge needs hard work and imagination.

Germination: (n) sprouting of a seed.

  • A seed germinates only if it gets proper environment.
  • While watching the movie, a new idea germinated in Adi’s head that he should try to be an actor!

Germinal: (adj) just begun to develop.

Kin: (n) relatives.

  • The minister gave ` 10,000 to the kin of bomb blast victims. 

Kindred: (n) relatives; (adj) related by blood or marriage. Also used for people who are not actual relatives but are so similar in their habits

or character that they seem to be relatives.

Origin: Eng. kin+ -red. The suffix ‘-red’ is also found in hatred. Just like a condition of hating is called hatred, a condition of kinship is called

kindred. So, we conclude that the suffix ‘-red’ means ‘condition.’

  • It was Diwali, the festival of lights. Everybody’s faces shone as they illuminated their houses, visited their friends and kindred, prayed before the goddess Lakshmi and burst firecrackers.
  • Sanskrit and English are kindred languages.
  • Tera mujh se hai pehle ka naata koi, yun hi nahin dil lubhaata koi. In this song, the hero tells the heroine that they must be kindred in a previous birth because after all, our hearts are not drawn towards just anybody. Of course, he means ‘kindred’ in a romantic sense (imagine her turning out to be his sister in the last birth!).

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