Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Paragraph 7


In the good old Doordarshan days, the song ‘Ek chidiya, anek chidiya’ was a particular favourite of everybody. It had a line: ‘Hind desh ke sabhi jan ek hain.’

The Hindi word jan means ‘the one begotten, offspring’. Gandhiji used the word Harijan, the children of Hari, for the shudras.

In ancient Rome, a gens (pl. gentes) was a group of families or a caste that shared a common name and a common ancestor. The Latin gentilis meant ‘of the same clan or family.’ It entered French as gentil, meaning “high-born, noble.” This one French word spawned many in English—gentle, gentry, gentilegentility and  genteel.


In order to accurately represent the French pronunciation of gentile, some people started writing it as jantee or janty. Janty continued to mean ‘well-bred’ for a while, but then assumed a life of its own. It became jaunty and came to be associated with the dapper appearance of the well-bred gentlemen, and with the easy, confident air they usually had.


Yeoman: (n) a yeoman was usually a farmer who cultivated his own land but could also be a retainer, guard, attendant, or subordinate official.

The word appears in Middle English as yemen, or yoman, and is perhaps a contraction of yeng man or yong man, meaning young man, or



Gentile: (adj) It is from the original Latin meaning that we get the modern word gentile, borrowed in the 14th century (again through French)

meaning, essentially, “belonging to the same family as all non-Jews.”


Gentility: (n) the condition of being born to the gentry; the quality or qualities appropriate to those who are well born, as self-respect, dignity,

courage, courtesy, politeness of manner, a graceful and easy mien and behaviour, etc.; good breeding


Genteel: (adj) possessing or exhibiting the qualities expected from a person of high birth and breeding; free from vulgarity, or lowness of

taste or behavior

  • The lady impressed everybody with her genteel manner. She was dressed in an elegant cream sari teamed with a delicate diamond necklace and earings, had a very graceful smile and walk, and talked very politely and in a very polished English with everybody.
  • Another way of writing the above: the lady impressed everybody with her gentility.
  • The Mona Lisa has no visible facial hair. The genteel women of the 16th century Europe often plucked out all their eyelashes and eyebrows because they considered facial hair to be unsightly.

Unsightly: (adj) not worthy of being seen, ugly, distasteful.

Jaunty: (adj) having a cheerful, lively, and self-confident air; elegantly stylish in clothing and manners.

  • He walked in a half-dancing way and sometimes took off his hat, hurled it up in the air and then, with a spring, caught it and put it back on. He was also whistling, something he did rarely. He was clearly in a jaunty mood.
  • The 1984 movie Mashaal has a song which is loved by millions of Indians. In it, a jaunty Anil Kapoor hops, skips, walks and whistles through roads and fields—sometimes even breaking into a dance, so happy is he—declaring: liye sapne nigaahon mein, chalaa hoon teri raahon, zindagi aa raha hoon main.

Dapper: (adj) neat, smart and dashing; active and lively.

  • The Chairman of the company was a dapper, young man of 28. He wore a smart black suit and a pleasant perfume. His hair were perfectly gelled, his figure was athletic, his eyes intelligent and his manner was very confident. The female employees in particular were very impressed by his personality. 

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name