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Foment looks related to ferment. So do their roots, not only in appearance but also in meaning. Fervere is to boil and fovere is to keep warm. Quite close, isn’t it? Actually, no. Fovere is related, not tofervere, but to febris, the root that gives us the words fever and febrile.

Latin bulla   bubble

The Hindi word for bubble is a cousin of bulla. Meet Bulbula, the happy little creature that you can sometimes find wafting in the air, singing joyfully:

Bulbula, bulbula array main toh bulbula


The English cousins of bulbula are equally bubbly. They are:

Ebullient, bullion, bouillon

IE  ters-  to dry

The English 'to dry' has its arisen from the Indo-European root ters- 


Your throat has dried up totally. Even saliva is no longer there. Your tongue is cracking up like parched earth. What are you?


The English word ‘thirst’ and the Sanskrit ‘tarsh’ and ‘trishna’ are brothers. The word tarsana is a simpler form of trishna.


Foment: (v) to stir up, to instigate.

Origin: L fovere, to warm, heat

  • The political party tried to foment trouble in the country by pitting one religion against the other.

Febrile: (adj) related with, characterized by or causing fever.

  • Dengue and Malaria are febrile diseases.
  • Out of the 1000 patients who reported to the government hospital with febrile illness, 104 tested positive for Malaria.

Ebullient: (adj) overflowing with excitement.

Origin: a ex–, out + bullire, to boil ‘bubbling forth’

  • She was in an ebullient mood the day she finally finished her book.

Bullion: (n) bars of metal, like gold and silver.

Origin: L bullire, to boil ‘melted mass of gold and silver’

  • The bullion reserve of a country is the indicator of the amount of wealth a country possesses.
  • Trading of gold and silver is known as bullion trading. Newspapers and business channels on TV publish information about the latest bullion rates. An example is: Bar silver (one kg) 7,595; Retail (one gm)7.80; 24ct gold bullion (10 gm) 4,318; 22-carat retail (one gm)396.

Bouillon: (n) soup made of beef.

Origin: L bullire, to boil, to boil fr. bouillir, to boil fr. bouillon.

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