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Latin granum grain

The most obvious word from this root is ‘grain’. 


The others are:

Granary, garner, granule, filigree, granita

‘Pomegranate’ literally means ‘apple with many seeds’ (L. poma, apple). The deadly ‘grenade’, which devastates the place where it detonates, got its name from grenate, the French abbreviation for pomegranate; it resembles the fruit in shape.


IE pekw-  to cook

The English 'to cook' has its arisen from the Indo-European root pekw-


Heer had sweated the whole day in the kitchen, cooking up all the favourite dishes of Ranjha, her husband. There was no occasion; she had just got the idea in the morning to do something for him. As the evening descended, her ebullience ascended. He would be so happy! He would chuckle like a child! His eyes, his face would exude his joy; how handsome he looked like that! His fulgent eyes would look into her shy ones; he would take her hand, but then suddenly, would leave her and disappear into the dark alcove, only to reemerge a moment later, brandishing with mirth, his flute. Oh! She would exclaim in delight. After so long! He would dust it and then, play it, and she would sing alongside, and they would relive those dreamy days of their romance. After so long!

The fatigued Ranjha came from the fields and had a quick bath. He came out and saw the sumptuous meal that Heer had laid out meanwhile. He smiled appreciatively and started eating. Afterwards, he patted her on the cheek, took her hand, kissed it, told her that the meal was delectable and lay down on his cot. Another gruelling day loomed ahead; he fell asleep the moment he closed his eyes.

Heer’s eyes welled up. She had laboured the whole day, for this? Such a frigid response? He said the food was delectable but his face didn’t show any delight at all. He must have said it just like that. A lachrymose complaint came to her lips and went back:


“Pakwaan pakaundi mar gayi main te tu kadr na jaani!”

(I died cooking delicacies for you, and you did not even bother!)

The Indian words pakwaan, pakaana, pakka are from this root. Their Latin cousin is coquere, which means ‘to cook’ and, in fact, is the source of the word ‘cook.’


Granary: (n) storehouse of grains.

Origin: L granum, grain

  • The Prime Minister claimed that India’s granaries were overflowing with foodgrains and that even if there was a drought, the country had enough food to feed its population for two years.

Garner: (v) to gather.

Origin: L granum, grain => ‘to gather grain’

  • The party made many attempts to garner the support of the scheduled castes.

Granule: (n) a small grain.

Origin: L granum, grain

  • The little kid’s mother gave him the job of counting the number of sugar granules in a spoonful of sugar. The job kept the child busy for the next three hours.

Filigree: (n) delicate lace-like decoration done with fine wires of silver, gold or other metals.

Origin: L filum, thread + granum, grain

  • Filigree is one of the traditonal methods of fashioning jewellery.
  • The silver filigree jewellery box, silver filigree napkin holder.
  • The silver filigree work was so fine that even the leaves and the pistil stood out.

Granita: (n) a dessert made of frozen ice.

Origin: L granum, grain => ‘a dish having granular ice’


Detonate: (v) explode

Origin: L de- + tonare, to thunder

  • In Sholay, a dying Jai fires at a dynamite lying on a bridge to detonate it. As a result, all of Gabbar’s men who are hiding under the bridge are killed.

Exude: (v) to ooze out, like sweat.

Origin:L ex-, out + sudere, to sweat

  • Her pink face and her baby-like smile seemed to exude kindliness.
  • Self-confidence seemed to exude from his very pores.
  • The body exudes sweat.

Alcove: (n) a small corner separated from a bigger room or hall by means of curtains or a wood partition etc.


Brandish: (v) to show off.

  • As the policemen drew close to the woman who had kidnapped her neighbour’s daughter, she brandished a knife and warned them to not come any closer.
  • Whenever his wife told him to mend his bad habits, Noor Mohammad brandished the sword of divorce over her head.

Mirth: (n) happiness and laughter.

Origin: from ‘merry’

  • Jenny giggled: the first appearance of mirth he had exhibited in the whole evening.
  • The child was watching his sister, on his face an expression of subdued mirth. Their looks met, and both exploded in laughter.
  • When Romi realized that his wife had made him an April fool, his bemused expression was so funny that she almost rolled on the floor in helpless mirth.

Fatigue: (n) tiredness

A related word: indefatigable

Indefatigable: (adj) tireless

  • With his indefatigable prayers, which lasted 30,000 years, Bhagiratha brought the Ganga down to earth in order to obtain salvation for his ancestors by washing their bones in its water.

Delectable: (adj) delightful, delicious.

Origin: L delectare, to delight.

In fact, the words ‘delight’ and ‘delicious’ are themselves from the root delectare. Another word from this root is ‘dilettante.

Dilettante: (n) a person who takes up an activity merely because it delights him, not to earn money or make a profession out of it.

  • Seema Sidiqui’s role in the film Faaroq ke jaane ke baad had the critics and audiences clamoring to see more of her. She however said, “I am a dilettante, a dabbler. I never wanted to be a Hindi film actress. I did this role because it excited me. But having done that doesn’t mean I necessarily will take on another role.”

Dabbler: (n) a person who takes up an activity only for some time and then moves on to other interests.


Loom: (v) to appear as an unclear or enlarged shadow; to seem likely to happen in the near future.

  • The minarets of the town loomed above the houses in the pale rays of the sun.
  • Her terror-filled gaze was frozen upon that awful figure that loomed so large and evil above her.
  • Before him loomed a huge pile of homework.

Lachrymose: (adj) causing tears, full of tears.

Origin: L lacrima, tear

  • The bride’s family bid her an affectionate and lachrymose goodbye.

Another word from the same root is lachrymal.

Lachrymal: (adj) related with tears

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