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By group we mean any collection of human beings who are brought into a social relationship with one another. Social relationships involve some degree of reciprocity between those related, some measure of mutual awareness as reflected in the attitudes of the members of the group.
—MacIver and Page
Whenever two or more individuals come together and influence one another, they may be said to constitute a social group.
—Ogburn and Nimkoff
It is said that to a large extent, man’s life is group life. He spends his life in groups, so it is natural that he is influenced by the members of that group. Inter-stimulation and communication with one ­another form the basis of a group. There is clear difference in a person’s ­individual behaviour and his/her behaviour in a group. A person’s behaviour in a group matters a great deal as one has to interact in a group in day-to-day life. MacIver and Page opine that a group is a small number of persons who meet “face to face” for discussion on some question that concerns all the members of the group. Thus, discussion and communication form an integral part of a group. In a group discussion this feature is clearly on the display as each member of the group presents his or her viewpoints and listens to the opinions of others in the group.
MacIver further remarks that, “In a study group this limitation is clearly evident, but some similarity of background is no less essential for the easy interplay of personalities in the family, the play group, the gang or the informal clique within the larger organization.” It is, therefore, essential that a person who participates in a group ­discussion should share a similarity of background with the other members of the group.

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